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Major Parties in the 86 Democracies

Notes

  1. Democracies are defined as only those 86 countries defined as "free" by Freedom House in their 2001-2002 Freedom House Survey of Freedom.  86 countries out of 192 surveyed are defined as "free," but 121 are determined by Freedom House as "electoral democracies."
  2. Only official party sites are listed.
  3. Only parties with at least four percent of the seats in national parliaments are included below.
  4. Left of Center:  Leftist.  Parties are mostly members of Socialist International (SI).
  5. Centrist:  Just as name implies.  Parties are mostly members of Liberal International (LI).
  6. Right of Center:  Rightist.  Parties are mostly members of Christian Democrats International (CDI/IDC) and/or International Democrat Union (IDU).  However, not all parties that are members of either the CDI and/or the IDU are conservative.
  7. Other:  Parties difficult to define in terms of left/right spectrum.  Parties are mostly nationalist/separatist, populist or religious-based.
  8. Party names are almost always only listed below in English.
  9. Most official websites are entirely or partly in English, but some websites are only in the native language of the country of that party.

Parties of 86 Democratic Countries

  1. Andorra
  2. Argentina
  3. Australia
  4. Austria
  5. Bahamas
  6. Barbados
  7. Belgium
  8. Belize
  9. Benin
  10. Bolivia
  11. Botswana
  12. Britain
  13. Bulgaria
  14. Canada
  15. Cape Verde
  16. Chile
  17. Costa Rica
  18. Croatia
  19. Cyprus
  20. Czech Republic
  21. Denmark
  22. Dominica
  1. Dominican Republic
  2. El Salvador
  3. Estonia
  4. Finland
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Ghana
  8. Greece
  9. Grenada
  10. Guyana
  11. Hungary
  12. Iceland
  13. India
  14. Ireland
  15. Israel
  16. Italy
  17. Jamaica
  18. Japan
  19. Kiribati
  20. Korea, South
  21. Latvia
  22. Liechtenstein
  23. Lithuania
  1. Luxembourg
  2. Mali
  3. Malta
  4. Marshall Islands
  5. Mauritius
  6. Mexico
  7. Micronesia
  8. Monaco
  9. Mongolia
  10. Namibia
  11. Nauru
  12. Netherlands
  13. New Zealand
  14. Norway
  15. Palau
  16. Panama
  17. Papua New Guinea
  18. Peru
  19. Philippines
  20. Poland
  21. Portugal
  22. Romania
  23. Saint Kitts & Nevis
  1. Saint Lucia
  2. Saint Vincent & the Grenadines
  3. Samoa
  4. San Marino
  5. Sao Tome & Principe
  6. Slovakia
  7. Slovenia
  8. South Africa
  9. Spain
  10. Suriname
  11. Sweden
  12. Switzerland
  13. Taiwan
  14. Thailand
  15. Tuvalu
  16. United States
  17. Uruguay
  18. Vanuatu

So-called "non-party democracies" are those in regular black font.

Countries Left of Center Centrist Right of Center Other
Andorra Social Democratic Party (PS) Democratic Party (PD) Liberal Party of Andorra (PLA)ELDR* and LI None
Argentina
  1. Alternative for a Republic of Equals (ARI)
  2. Front for a Country in Solidarity (FREPASO)
  1. Justicialist Party (PJ)CDI, IDU and ODCA
  2. Radical Civic Union (UCR)SI
Action for the Republic (AR) None
Australia Labour (ALP)SI Democrats
  1. Liberal PartyAPDU and IDU
  2. National Party (NPA)
None
Austria
  1. Greens
  2. Social Democratic Party (SPO)SI
None
  1. Freedom Party (FPO)

  2. People's Party (OEVP)EDU, EPP and IDU

None
Bahamas None Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) Free National Movement (FNM) None
Barbados Barbados Labour Party (BLP)SI Democratic Labour Party (DLP) None None
Belgium
  1. Agalev (Flemish Green Party)
  2. Ecolo (Walloon Greens)
  3. Flemish Socialists (SP)SI
  4. Walloon Socialists (PS)SI
  1. Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD)ELDR and LI
  2. People's Union - Flemish Free Democrats (VU)
  3. Walloon Liberal Reformation Party (PRL)ELDR and LI
  1. Francophone Democratic Front (FDF)
  2. Flemish Christian People's Party (CVP)EPP
  3. Walloon Christian Social Party (PSC)CDI and EPP
Flemish Block (VB)
Belize People's United Party (PUP) None United Democratic Party (UDP)CDU None
Benin
  1. Action for Renewal and Development (FARD)
  2. Social Democratic Party (PSD)SI*
Party for the Rebirth of Benin (PRB) None None
Bolivia
  1. Conscience of the Fatherland (CONDEPA)
  2. Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR)SI
  3. Movement Towards Socialism (MAS)
Nationalist Revolutionary Movement (MNR)
  1. Civic Solidarity Union (UCS)
  2. National Democratic Action (ADN)ADU and IDU
None
Botswana Botswana National Front (BNF)SI** None Democratic Party (DP)ADG None
Britain LabourSI Liberal DemocratsELDR and LI ConservativeEDU and IDU None
Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS)
  1. Simeon II National Movement (NMS2)
  2. Union of Democratic Forces (UDF)CDI, EDU, EPP* and IDU
None
Canada New Democratic Party (NDP)
  1. LiberalsLI
  2. Progressive Conservatives (PC)ADU, APDU and IDU
Canadian Alliance (CA) Quebec Bloc (BQ)
Cape Verde African Party of Cape Verde's Independence (PAICV)SI Movement for Democracy (MPD) None None
Chile
  1. Party for Democracy (PPD)SI
  2. Socialist Party (PS)SI
  1. Christian Democrats (PDC)CDI and ODCA
  2. Social Democratic Radical Party (PRSD)SI
  1. Independent Democratic Union (UDI)
  2. National Renewal (RN)ADU
None
Costa Rica National Liberation Party (PLN)SI None Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC)CDI
  1. Citizens' Action Party (PAC)
  2. Libertarian Movement (ML)  libertarian
Croatia Social Democrats (SDP)SI Social Liberal Party (HSLS)ELDR* and LI
  1. Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)
  2. Croatian Peasant Party (HSS)
None
Cyprus
  1. Progressive Party of the Working People (AKEL)
  2. Social Democratic Movement (KISOS)
Democratic Party (DIKO)ELDR* Democratic Rally (DISY)CDI, EDU, EPP* and IDU None
Czech Republic
  1. Communist Party (KSCM)
  2. Social Democrats (CSSD)SI
Coalition (US-DEU and KDU-CSL)CDI and EPP* Civic Democratic Party (ODS)EDU None??
Denmark
  1. Radical Left-Social Liberal Party (RV)ELDR and LI
  2. Social Democrats (SD)SI
  3. Socialist People's Party (SF)
None
  1. Conservative People's Party (KF)CDI, EDU, EPP and IDU
  2. Left, Liberal Party of Denmark (Venstre)ELDR and LI
Danish People's Party (DF)
Dominica
  1. Dominica Labour Party (DLP)SI*
  2. United Worker's Party (UWP)
None Dominica Freedom Party (DFP)CDU None
Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD)SI Liberation Party (PLD) Social Christian Reformist Party (PRSC)CDI, IDU and ODCA None
El Salvador Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) Christian Democrats (PDC)CDI and ODCA
  1. National Republican Alliance (ARENA)ADU, APDU and IDU
  2. Party of National Conciliation (PCN)
None
Estonia
  1. Estonian United People's Party {EURP)
  2. Moderates (M)
  1. Center Party (EKK)
  2. Coalition Party (EK)LI
  1. Pro Patria Union (Fatherland Union)CDI, EDU and IDU
  2. Reform Party (R)ELDR and LI
Estonian People's Union (ERL)
Finland
  1. Green League (VIHR)
  2. Leftist Alliance (VAS)
  3. Social Democrats (SDP)SI
  1. Center Party (Keskusta)ELDR and LI
  2. Swedish People's Party (SFP)ELDR and LI
  1. Christian League (SKL)
  2. National Coalition (KOK) PartyEDU, EPP and IDU
None
France
  1. Communist Party (PCF)
  2. SocialistSI
Union for French Democracy (UDF) Union for the Presidential Majority (UMP) None
Germany
  1. Alliance'90/Greens
  2. Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS)
  3. Social Democrats (SDP)SI
Free Democratic Party (FDP)ELDR and LI
  1. Christian Democratic Union (CDU)CDI, EDU, EPP and IDU
  2. Christian Social Union (CSU)EDU, EPP and IDU
None
Ghana National Democratic Congress (NDC) New Patriotic Party (NPP)ADG and DUA None None
Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK)SI None New Democracy Party (ND)CDI, EDU, EPP and IDU None
Grenada None None New National Party (NNP)CDU and IDU None
Guyana
  1. People's National Congress (PNC/Reform)
  2. People's Progressive Party (PPP/Civic)
None None None
Hungary Socialists (MSzP)SI* Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ)ELDR and LI Fidesz - Hungarian Citizens' Party (FIDESZ-MPP)CDI, EDU and EPP*
Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF)CDI
None
Iceland
  1. Alliance (SF)
  2. Left-Green Alliance (VG)
Progressive Party (PP)LI Independence Party (IP)EDU None
India
  1. Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M)

  2. Janata Dal

  3. Socialist Party (SP)

  4. Telugu Desam (TDP)

Indian National Congress (INC) None Indian People's Party (BJP)
Ireland LabourSI
Fine Gael (FG)CDI and EPP
None
  1. Fianna Fail (FF)
  2. Progressive Democrats (PD)ELDR
None
Israel
  1. LaborSI
  2. MeretzSI
  1. Mercaz (Center Party)
  2. Shinui (Change)LI
Likud
  1. International Organization of Torah-observant Sephardic Jews (SHAS)
  2. National Religious Party (NRP)
  3. United Arab List (UAL)
  4. United Torah Judaism (UTJ)
  5. Yisrael Ba'aliyah (YB)
Italy
  1. Democrats
  2. Democrats of the Left (DS)SI
Italian Popular Party (PPI)CDI and EPP
  1. Forza Italia (Go Italy)EDU and EPP
  2. National Alliance (AN)
  3. Northern League (LN) separatist
None
Jamaica People's National Party (PNP)SI None Jamaica Labor Party (JLP)CDU None
Japan
  1. Japanese Communist Party (JCP)
  2. Social Democratic Party (SDP)
  1. Clean Government Party (New Komeito)
  2. Democratic Party (DP)
  1. Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
  2. Liberal Party (LP)
None
Korea, South None Millennium Democratic Party (MD)
  1. Grand National Party (GNP)APDU and IDU
  2. United Liberal Democrats (ULD)
None

Latvia

  1. People’s Harmony Party (TSP)
  2. Social Democratic Workers' Party (LSDSP)SI
  1. Latvia's Way (LC)ELDR and LI
  2. New Party (NP)
  1. National Conservative - Alliance of Fatherland and Freedom (TB-LNNK)
  2. People's Party (TP)EPP*
None
Liechtenstein Free List (FL) None
  1. Patriotic Union (VU)EDU
  2. Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP)EDU
None
Lithuania
  1. Lithuanian Democratic Workers' Party (LDDP)
  2. Social Democratic Party (LSDP)SI 
  1. Lithuanian Liberal Union (LLS)ELDR and LI
  2. New Union (NS)
Homeland Union Conservative Party (TSLK)EDU None
Luxembourg
  1. Greens
  2. Socialists Workers Party (LSAP)SI
Democratic Party (DP)ELDR and LI Christian Social People's Party (CSV)CDI, EDU and EPP Action Committee for Democracy and Pensions Justice (ADR)
Mali None African Party for Solidarity and Justice (ADEMA-PASJ)SI None Party for National Renewal (PARENA)
Malta Labour (MLP)SI None Nationalist (PN)CDI, EDU, EPP* and IDU

None
Mauritius
  1. Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM)SI*
  2. Mauritian Socialist Movement (MSM)
  3. Mauritius Labour Party (PTr)SI
None None None
Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD)SI Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)SI* National Action Party (PAN)CDI and ODCA None
Monaco None

National and Democratic Union (UND)

None None
Mongolia Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP)SI** None None None
Namibia South West African People's Organization (SWAPO) Congress of Democrats (CoD) Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA)ADG, DUA and IDU None
Netherlands
  1. D-66ELDR and LI
  2. Green Left
  3. Labour (PvdA)SI
  4. Socialist Party (SP)
  1. Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA)CDI and EPP
  1. People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD)ELDR and LI
  2. Pim Fortuyn List (LPF)
None
New Zealand
  1. Alliance
  2. Green Party
  3. Labour (NZLP)SI
New Zealand First
  1. ACT
  2. National PartyAPDU and IDU
  3. United Future New Zealand (UFNZ)
None
Norway
  1. Labour Party (DNA)SI
  2. Socialist Left Party (SV)
  1. Center Party (SP)
  2. Christian People's Party (KrF)CDI
Conservatives (Hoyre)EDU, EPP* and IDU Progress Party (FRP)
Panama
  1. Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD)SI*
  2. Solidarity Party (PS) 

National Liberal Party (PLN)LI**

  1. Arnulfist Party (PA)

  2. Christian Democratic Party (PDC)

  3. Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (MOLIRENA)

None
Papua New Guinea Melanesian Alliance Papua New Guinea United Party (Pangu Pati)
  1. People's Progress Party (PPP)
  2. People's Democratic Movement (PDM)
  3. People's Action Party (PAP)
None
Peru American Revolutionary People's Alliance (APRA) Union for Peru (UPP) National Unity (UN)
  1. Moralizing Independent Front (FIM)
  2. Peru Possible (PP)
Philippines Liberal Party (LP)LI None
  1. National Union of Christian Democrats - People Power (LAKAS-NUCD)CDI
  2. Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)
  3. Struggle for Democratic Philippines (LDP)
None
Poland
  1. Alliance of Democratic Left (SLD)SI
  2. Polish People's Party (PSL)
  3. Union of Labour (UP)SI
Civic Platform (PO)
  1. Law and Justice (PiS)
  2. Self Defense of the Polish Republic (S)
League of Polish Families (LPR)
Portugal
  1. Communists (PCP)
  2. Socialists (PS)SI
None
  1. People's Party (PP)
  2. Social Democrats (PSD)CDI, EDU, EPP and IDU
None
Romania
  1. Democratic Party (PD)SI
  2. Social Democratic Party (PSD)
National Liberal Party (PNL)ELDR and LI Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (RMDSZ)CDI**, EDU and EPP* Party of Great Romania (PRM)

Saint Kitts & Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party (SKNLP)SI* None None
  1. Concerned Citizens' Movement (CCM)
  2. Nevis Reformation Party (NRP)

Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party (SLP)SI* None United Worker's Party (UWP)CDU None
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines Unity Labour Party (ULP)SI* None New Democratic Party (NDP)ADU, CDU and IDU None
Samoa None Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP) Samoan National Development Party (SNDP) None
San Marino
  1. Party of Democracy (PD)
  2. Socialists (PSS)SI
Popular Alliance of San Marino Democrats (APDS) Christian Democrats (PDCS)CDI None
Sao Tome & Principe Liberation Movement of São Tomé and Príncipe (MLSTP) NONE Democratic Convergence Party-Reflection Group (MDFM-PCD) None
Slovakia
  1. Party of Civic Understanding (SOP)  
  2. Party of the Democratic Left (SDL)SI
Hungarian Coalition Party (SMK)CDI**, EDU and EPP* Slovak Democrat and Christian Union (SDKU)
  1. Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS)
  2. Slovak National Party (SNS)

Slovenia United List of Social Democrats of Slovenia (ZL)SI
  1. Liberal Democracy (LDS)ELDR and LI
  2. New Slovenian Christian People's Party (NSI)
  3. Party of the Slovenia Youth (SMS)
  1. Slovene Christian Democrats (SKD)CDI, EDU and EPP
  2. Slovene People's Party (SLS)
  3. Social Democrats (SDSS)
  1. Democratic Party of Retired People (DESUS)
  2. Slovenian National Party (SNS)

South Africa African National Congress (ANC)SI Democratic Alliance (DA)LI
  1. New National Party (NNP)ADG, DUA and IDU
  2. Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)
None
Spain Socialists Workers Party (PSOE)SI None
  1. Convergence and Union of Catalonia (CiU)
  2. People's Party (PP)CDI, EDU, EPP and IDU
None
Suriname
  1. Labor Party (SPA)

  2. National Party (NPS)

  3. Progressive Reform Party (VHP)ODCA

Democratic Alternative '91 (DA '91)

None
  1. Democratic National Platform 2000 (DNP)

  2. National Democratic Party (NDP)

  3. Political Wing of the FAL

Sweden
  1. Greens
  2. Left Party (VP)
  3. Social Democrats (SAP)SI
  1. Center PartyELDR
  2. Liberal People's Party (FPL)ELDR and LI
  1. Christian Democrats (KDS)CDI and EPP
  2. Moderates (M)EDU, EPP and IDU
None
Switzerland
  1. Greens (GPS)
  2. Social Democrats (SP/PS)SI
Free Democratic Party (FDP/PRD)ELDR and LI
  1. Christian Democrats (CVP)CDI, EDU and EPP
  2. Swiss People's Party (SVP)
None
Taiwan None
  1. Democratic Progressive Party (DPP MCT)LI**
  2. Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU)
  1. Nationalist Party (KMT)APDU and IDU
  2. People First Party (PFP)
None
Thailand Democratic Party (DP) National Development Party (PCP)
  1. New Aspiration Party (PKWM)
  2. Thai Nation Party (TNP)
Thai Love Thai Party (TRT)

United States Democrats None RepublicansADU, APDU and IDU None
Uruguay
  1. Colorado Party (PC)
  2. New Space (NE)
  3. Progressive Encounter (EP-FA)
None National Party - Whites (PN) None
Vanuatu
  1. Greens
  2. Party of our Land (VP)
  3. Vanuatu National United Party (NUP)
None
  1. Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP)
  2. Vanuatu Republican Party (VRP)

Legend

Sources of Information
Comments/Suggestions? Page last updated August 18, 2002